Astronomy Answers: From the Astronomical Dictionary

Astronomy Answers
From the Astronomical Dictionary


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The description of the word you requested from the astronomical dictionary is given below.

the month

A month is a period of time that is (historically) tied to the motion of the Moon around the Earth. Quite a few different kinds of months are in use:

De next table shows the average length of the astronomically determined months at 1 January 2000, and by how much this length changes in a century (derived from Meeus: Astronomical Algorithms, ISBN 0943396352). For example, on 1 January 2000 the average length of the synodical month was equal to 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2.877 seconds, and this length increases at 0.019 seconds per century.

Table 4: Month Lengths

Month days d h m s s/century
sidereal 27.32166155 27 07 43 11.558 +0.019
synodical 29.53058885 29 12 44 02.877 +0.019
tropical 27.32158224 27 07 43 04.706 +0.013
anomalistic 27.55454988 27 13 18 33.109 −0.090
draconic 27.21222082 27 05 05 35.879 +0.033