Astronomy Answers
Universe Family Tree: Void


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1. References

Type
: 
Universe
─── 
Void
Size
: 
4200 Mpc
─── 
100 Mpc
Earth
: 
Universe
─── 
(none)

Matter in the Universe is distributed at large scales as in a kind of foam, with large voids that contain hardly any galaxies (or none at all), and with filaments in between that contain almost all galaxies. The diameters of voids vary between about 11 Mpc and 150 Mpc [1]. The largest voids are defined by the absence of rich galaxy clusters. Such voids are sometimes called supervoids.

A recent census of rich galaxy clusters up to a redshift z = 0.2 (distance 740 Mpc) lists 27 supervoids, with a median (a kind of average) minor diameter of 130 Mpc [2]. All supervoids from that census at distances up to 211 Mpc and all those that have a proper name are listed below. "nr" is the identification number of the supervoid in the census, "name" the proper name (if any), "dist" the distance from the center of the supervoid to us, and "diam" the minor diameter of the supervoid. All lengths are mentioned in units of Mpc.

Table 1: Space Voids

nr name dist diam
1 188 124
5 182 130
9 Southern Local Supervoid 135 158
18 168 144
19 168 152
20 Bootes Void 304 110
21 201 163
24 Northern Local Supervoid 86 146

The Local Supercluster, the supercluster that our galaxy is in, lies at the edges of the Northern and Southern Local Supervoids.

1. References

  1. "The structure of supervoids. I. Void hierarchy in the Northern Local Supervoid." U. Lindner, J. Einasto, M. Einasto, W. Freudling, K. Fricke, E. Tago; Astron. Astrophys., v.301, p.329 (1995) [ADS 1995A&A...301..329L]
  2. "The structure of the Universe traced by rich clusters of galaxies." M. Einasto, J. Einasto, E. Tago, G. B. Dalton, H Andernach. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 269, 301 (1994) [ADS 1994MNRAS.269..301E]



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Last updated: 2017-04-24